Protect your eyes and eyesight with regular eye examinations. Clear vision involves a complex and complex process of collecting, concentrating and translating light into images (see how the eye works).
As we get older, the eye and its sensitive mechanisms are subject to damage and disease. It is important to be alert to vision changes in eye diseases.
Some eye diseases like glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy do not have symptoms in their early stages, so you may not know that you have a problem until the disease is in its later stage.
This can make treatment more difficult and the problem harder to manage. Thus, regular eye examinations are essential for early diagnosis and treatment of any problems that may crop up. Early detection and treatment can slow down or even reverse the progression of eye disease.
An eye examination doesn’t hurt. Your eye doctor will usually conduct a basic eye examination which consists of an external check of your eyes, the eyelids and the surrounding areas. Parts of the eye, such as the conjunctiva, sclera, cornea and iris, will also be inspected for signs of disease.
Testing vision (with or without corrective eyewear)Assessing the reflexes of your pupilsChecking general eye musclesPeripheral (side) vision testingExamining the front of the eye using an upright microscope (a slit lamp)Eye pressure testsExamining the back of the eye
Ensure that your child has his or her eyes screened during regular paediatric appointments. Some childhood eye conditions to look out for include squints (crossed eyes), lazy eye (amblyopia), and childhood myopia.
The child’s vision should be tested at the age of 4 years old. Ensure that the child has an eye examination every one to two years during routine health check-ups.
Have a comprehensive eye examination if you have a family history of eye disease or you are suffering from an eye injury.
As one gets older, age-related eye conditions are more likely to crop up. Look out for common eye symptoms like vision changes or pain, flashes or floaters, distorted lines, dry eyes that itch and burn. To keep tabs on any vision changes, adults should get a baseline eye screening when they are 40. Your doctor will assess how often you need to return for follow-up screenings.
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