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  • Capitol Optical is dedicated to fight MYOPIA & DIABETES

    Capitol Optical is dedicated to fight MYOPIA & DIABETES

    Diabetes and your Eyes

    Did you know that an eye examination can be the first clue to identifying diabetes and other hidden health concerns? Finding these issues early can give you a better chance at preventing damage through early treatment and management.

    What is diabetes?

    Diabetes is defined as a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body's ability to produce and/or use insulin.

    One of the well-known effects of diabetes is eye and vision damage caused by diabetic retinopathy. This means that delicate blood vessels in the eye swell or bleed. They may also grow abnormally on the retina itself. This allows unprocessed blood sugars, fats, and proteins to leak out of weakened blood vessels. That's what damages the retina and can cause vision loss.

    Some surprising facts about diabetes.

    • 422 million people worldwide have diabetes.
    • In Hong Kong, 1 in 10 adults have been diagnosed with diabetes.
    • In Singapore, 1 in 8 adults have been diagnosed with diabetes.
    • Roughly 90% of diabetes-related blindness can be avoided by getting an annual eye examination.
    • Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness.
    • Diabetes is predicted to become the seventh leading cause of death in the world by the year 2030.
    • Lifestyle risks for diabetes are physical inactivity, poor diet, and obesity.
    • Genetics, ethnicity, and geographical location can influence risk factors.
    • Others at higher risk include older individuals, those with gestational diabetes, and babies weighing more than nine pounds at birth.

       

      Diabetic retinopathy

      Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that may occur in people who have diabetes. It causes progressive damage to the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes.

      Diabetes interferes with the body's ability to use and store sugar (glucose). The disease is characterized by too much sugar in the blood, which can cause damage throughout the body, including the eyes. 

      Over time, diabetes damages small blood vessels throughout the body, including the retina. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when these tiny blood vessels leak blood and other fluids. This causes the retinal tissue to swell, resulting in cloudy or blurred vision. The condition usually affects both eyes. The longer a person has diabetes, the more likely they will develop diabetic retinopathy. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.

      Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include:

      • Seeing spots or floaters
      • Blurred vision
      • Having a dark or empty spot in the center of your vision
      • Difficulty seeing well at night
      • Myopia Starts Small; Look for the Signs!

        Myopia Starts Small; Look for the Signs!

        Assess your child’s risks now with our myopia risk checklist.

        If one or more of the following apply to your child, a myopia management program may be right for them. 

        Check all that apply:

         One or both parents need vision correction or wear glasses

         Your child needed eyeglasses before age 10

         Your child’s prescription has changed in the last two years

         Your active child is unhappy wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses

        If left untreated, your child’s myopia may potentially affect their eye health, emotional and social well-being, and performance in school and extracurricular activities.

        For their future.

        Book your appointment today!

      • Importance of Eye Examination

        Importance of Eye Examination

        Protect your eyes and eyesight with regular eye examinations

        Protect your eyes and eyesight with regular eye examinations. Clear vision involves a complex and complex process of collecting, concentrating and translating light into images (see how the eye works).

        As we get older, the eye and its sensitive mechanisms are subject to damage and disease. It is important to be alert to vision changes in eye diseases. 

        Some eye diseases like glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy do not have symptoms in their early stages, so you may not know that you have a problem until the disease is in its later stage.

        This can make treatment more difficult and the problem harder to manage. Thus, regular eye examinations are essential for early diagnosis and treatment of any problems that may crop up. Early detection and treatment can slow down or even reverse the progression of eye disease.

        What happens during an eye examination?

        An eye examination doesn’t hurt. Your eye doctor will usually conduct a basic eye examination which consists of an external check of your eyes, the eyelids and the surrounding areas. Parts of the eye, such as the conjunctiva, sclera, cornea and iris, will also be inspected for signs of disease.

        Most eye examinations also include:

        Testing vision (with or without corrective eyewear)
        Assessing the reflexes of your pupils
        Checking general eye muscles
        Peripheral (side) vision testing
        Examining the front of the eye using an upright microscope (a slit lamp)
        Eye pressure tests
        Examining the back of the eye

        How often should I go for an eye exam?

        Babies (Aged 3 and below)

        Ensure that your child has his or her eyes screened during regular paediatric appointments. Some childhood eye conditions to look out for include squints (crossed eyes), lazy eye (amblyopia), and childhood myopia.

        Children and Teenagers (Aged 4 to 16)

        The child’s vision should be tested at the age of 4 years old. Ensure that the child has an eye examination every one to two years during routine health check-ups.

        Young adults (Aged 17 to 39)

        Have a comprehensive eye examination if you have a family history of eye disease or you are suffering from an eye injury.

        Adults and Seniors (Aged 40 and above)

        As one gets older, age-related eye conditions are more likely to crop up. Look out for common eye symptoms like vision changes or pain, flashes or floaters, distorted lines, dry eyes that itch and burn. To keep tabs on any vision changes, adults should get a baseline eye screening when they are 40. Your doctor will assess how often you need to return for follow-up screenings.

        BOOK AN EYE EXAMINATION NOW!

      • ZEISS Digital Lenses

        ZEISS Digital Lenses

        Your Eye Care Solution for Mobile Devices.

        With ZEISS Digital Lenses, ZEISS is introducing a new first-pair lens product category. It is specifically designed to meet the vision needs of people in their 30s and 40s who are experiencing near vision discomfort for the first time. Regardless of whether they are single vision wearers or not yet spectacle wearers.